Forum participants discussed development of innovation ecosystems in the higher education establishments and creation of Universities 3.0
On April 21-22, the II annual forum "Innovation ecosystem: universities and scientific centers" organized by RVC and NUST MIS&S in partnership with the Financial university under the Government of the Russian Federation was held in Moscow. This year, the key theme of the forum was development of innovation ecosystems at higher education establishments and scientific organizations, creation of Universities 3.0 and their participation in implementation of the National Technology Initiative (NTI). More than 950 people participated in the Forum — they are representatives of the federal and regional authorities, leading Russian and international Universities and scientific organizations, private and public corporations, investors, executive officers of small innovation companies, engineering centers and technology parks.
A plenary meeting devoted to discussion of the role of scientific organizations as drivers for innovation development in the Russian Federation was held on the first day of the forum at NUST NIS&S. In his introductory speech, the General Director of RVC Igor Agamirzyan remarked that over the recent years, an awareness of the meaning of the term “university” has come to Russia, namely as a “system integrator of main processes inside the innovation ecosystem that provides not just new knowledge and personnel”.
A university integrates all processes related to technology entrepreneurship and business development; it also concentrates funds flows around itself — financial and human resources. Understanding of such universities role becomes more and more commonly-accepted in Russia and abroad, Igor Agamirzyan said.
The General Director of RVC emphasised that all main innovation areas in the world are always established around the leading universities. Development of leading Russian universities also goes in this direction.
The Deputy General Director — Program Director of RVC Evgeny Kuznetsov made a presentation on development and efficiency of scientific and technology policy of the Russian higher education establishments and on creation of Universities 3.0.
When universities begin to perform a commercial function, to create start-ups, we switch to 3.0 model. One of the most important transfer elements is own competences of a university in understanding of how the markets evolve, he emphasized.
Besides, the leading entrepreneurship and innovation universities of the world have a very high level of generation of patents.
At the discussion, the participants presented their vision of the role of scientific organizations and development of innovation ecosystems in the universities. The First Deputy Head of the Federal Agency for Scientific Organizations Aleksey Medvedev mentioned that it is important to switch to program research when the entire scientific staff starting from institutes and ending with separate scientists cooperate to develop the research programs. In his turn, the President of the "Moscow" Center for Strategic Developments Vladimir Knyaginin noticed that development of collaboration results in mixture of different activity types; and in such circumstances, the universities need tolerant internal culture. The perspective of collaboration in universities was recognized by the Rector of NUST MIS&S Alevtina Chernikova; she gave a sample of the master network program organized by NUST MIS&S in cooperation with MIPT and MEPhI. In the opinion of the Director of Social Development and Innovation Department of the Ministry of Economic Development Artyom Shadrin, in order to commercialize researches, it is necessary to build the efficient management structure inside the universities and set up cooperation with entrepreneurs who can efficiently launch products on the market.
Operation on the market is a matter of survival for universities. A university has to look for new financial resources. To my mind, the problem is not that the universities do not have a support system to work with intellectual property or technology transfer centers. The problem is that the universities can't identify themselves in the global agenda, Deputy Minister of Education and Science of the Russian Federation Aleksander Povalko noted at the meeting.
The second day started with the plenary meeting devoted to creation of Universities 3.0. While opening the meeting, the Deputy General Director, Program Director of RVC Evgeny Kuznetsov offered to discuss opportunities for development of the universities as leading centers for development of innovation economy.
We see that teams from many universities move in the right direction, efficient programs of the Ministry of Education and Science are developed with focus on leadership practice. There is already a definite success. Now we need to discuss barriers and limitations — institutional, human and resource-related, and to identify what joining effort from the state, development institutes, associations, and investors are required to develop universities as leading centers of innovation economy, he reported.
It is necessary to reorganize all main university procedures, including education and science. The key problem is a problem of way of thinking. We need to involve stakeholders, engage chief executive officers in such procedures, Eduard Galazhinskiy, Rector of the Tomsk State University said.
According to the Rector of Skoltech Aleksandr Kuleshov, in order to achieve a new quality level, Russian universities should undertake integration functions, but they are not at all prepared for this. Evgeny Kuznetsov, in his turn, introduced a sample of Saint-Petersburg Polytechnic University that carries out integration in two directions.
Integration on the middle level is beginning little by little, but we need to support it. Thus, some Russian middle-sized companies working with the big oil and energy business, undertake the integration function nowadays. And very often, the challenges they bring to universities are more interesting and applicable than those the universities generate on their own, he emphasized.
Summarizing the discussion, the General Director of RVC Igor Agamirzyan said that now we face new challenges related to multidisciplinary, humane aspect of technological development and understanding of the science and education economy.
Working on the Science and Technology Development Strategy of the Russian Federation, I discovered that there is virtually no research works on sociology of science and education. Just some scientists are engaged in such research. We can hardly hope for efficient development of university ecosystems, for switching to the open university of University 3.0 model without the understanding of social and economic aspects of structure of education and science, the General Director of RVC noticed.
At the Forum, RVC and I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University entered into a cooperation agreement and signed an Agreement Roadmap for 2016-2018. Besides, a cooperation agreement roadmap was signed by RVC and ITMO University; it includes the activity plan for 2016-2018 in educational, innovation, entrepreneurship, information and consulting areas.
Work at the Forum was divided by specific tracks including Management, Services, NTI University, Industry, Communication, Investment, Technology transfer, Territory, External Stakeholders.
As a part of NTI University track, the final of the contest qualification of project teams was held, teams that will participate in the Foresight Fleet 2016 and will be able to include their projects in the roadmap for the university NTI task force, was held. The winners were declared teams of Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University, Innopolis University, MAI, Moscow State University of Mechanical Engineering, Moscow State University of Geodesy and Cartography, MIPT, NSU, SPbSPU, TSU, TSUMRS, ITMO University.
The well-known international experts delivered their reports at the Forum, including founder of Sophia Antipolis Dominic Fash, President of the Research Company Yissum under the Hebrew University of Jerusalem Yakov Mikhlin, senior research assistant in entrepreneurship at Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Boris Battistini, senior manager of UBI Global projects Nick Stafunski, General Director of the Research Institute of Politics in Technology Shin Kyung-Ho, First Deputy Director of the Innovation Center of University of Pennsylvania Linara Aksanova, etc.