Networks are the most efficient organizational form of innovation creation and ensuring of the stable growth in the ever changing environment of XXI century. On February 15, participants of the RVC expert seminar "Network structure of innovation economy" shared research results, practical experience and ideas.
The principal speaker, director of the International Competitive Ability and Network Communications Sector of the RAS Institute of Economy Nataliya Smorodinskaya is sure that the hierarchical model doesn't address the environment dynamics and we see beginning of the continuous system reorganization of the world related to adjustment to a new post-industrial paradigm.
The world transforms to the multidimensional network threads environment, and there appear new patterns:" exchange acceleration, distributed connection hubs, absence of center and peripherals, extra-high level of dynamics and uncertainty, non-linear development, the expert considers.
According to the current theories, innovation consistency in new conditions is achieved in innovation ecosystems which are collaboration networks. Inside such systems, the innovation clusters are set up and the unique network effects are observed there; the effects ensure integration of the national companies into the global innovation networks and increase of the added value flow density. Globalization arranges and localizes production; countries included in the global networks are not the peripherals even if they were outsiders and catching-up.
This is the opportunity to breakthrough for the countries that missed some development stages. Getting to the company of the global players via the innovation cluster environment, they begin to develop together with the advanced countries and fluctuate together with the whole world from the point of view of cycles and development patterns, Nataliya Smorodinskaya is confident.
Correspondingly, it is necessary to improve not so much technologies as institutional and communication environment where these technologies are created and applied. A new industry is not about saving the old industries, but ecosystem reorganization.
We can see efficiency of such approach on a sample of Scandinavian countries - technology leaders that use organizational growth macrostimulation for 20 years. They form cluster network environment due to reconfiguration of internal connections, not due to allocated funds and credits, Nataliya Smorodinskaya gave a sample.
The presentation also discussed triple helix matrix (network interaction of science, business and state) being the base for innovation clusters creation. In the non-market system, network partnerships are not formed; in the industrial market system, a double helix emerge; in the post-industrial epoch, network cross direct and reverse connections are formed - the so called triple helix which is actually the main innovation synergy source. Strengthening of the power vertical slows down evolution of triple helix, science and business become more and more dependent on the political establishment.
We need to change environment, not to redistribute industry priorities and funds between them, Smorodinskaya is sure.
General Director and Chairman of the Management Board of RVC Igor Agamirzyan who was the seminar master reminded of the discussion conducted as a part of the RVC expert seminar Cultural Modernization Factors involving dean of the MSU Economy Faculty Alexander Auzan:
We again come to the institutional economy model subject but from a bit different side. The problem of development of the institutional environment if not ensuring, but at least not blocking development, steps forward more and more.
Director of ANO AIS "Young Professionals" Dmitriy Peskov who is responsible for NTI ideology and strategy believes that in order to overcome the existing infrastructure and institutional barriers, NTI organizers should bank on the companies with network potential. To the expert's opinion, there is no chance that the big public companies will have significant competitive ability in achieving NTI purposes and objectives, building knowledge economy, economy diversification.
We are interested in a new type of organizations (companies, universities) that are able to create network models and paradigms inside themselves. We call them "NTI genetic carrier". Such companies are consistently decreasing quantity of agents both inside themselves and in manufacturer-consumer relations substituting them with the management software and trust. Besides the network orientation, such companies should be distinguished with the disruptive innovations ability, Peskov says.
Deputy General Director – Program Executive Officer of RVC Evgeny Kuznetsov summarized:
In conditions when the industry structure of economy changes and some leading global clusters emerge, complexity on lower levels becomes extremely high. This effect ensures fantastic variety of start-ups, "Cambrian explosion" that we observe. Correspondingly, we need to build institutional environment creating conditions for such variety - clusters, universities and networks. In this meaning, the big players monopolising these or that competences are hostile for such environments.
Kuznetsov also mentioned that the key element of ensuring negotiability of various small entities is the rules of game, culture. We are talking of necessity to track a set of principles ensuring diversity. So, tolerance becomes one of the key elements of the efficient innovation ecosystem.
The First Vice Principal of NRU HSE, economy sociologist Vadim Radaev spoke of the way to create new models of the network organizational structures:
Creation of new network models is ensured by way of intentional blurring of lines of the organization and building of new structures beyond the borders, and the better option is the setting up of platforms, instruments and technologies that will allow others to build these networks.
Further to the subject, the head of the Cluster Department Policy of ISRKE NRU HSE Evgeniy Kutsenko told about clusters as a network instrument of the innovation policy as applied to Russia.