February 26-28, RVC representatives took part in the 12th Krasnoyarsk Economic Forum. This year's agenda was based on two key topics - building relations between Russia and the countries of the Asia-Pacific region through integration of economies and prospects of implementation of joint projects, as well as search for solutions to pressing issues of innovative development. By tradition, RVC took an active part in making the business agenda of the forum and co-organized three events of the main program and activities of the youth platform "Generation 2020".
Brainstorming was chosen as the basic format of the forum events. This approach allowed us not only to discuss the most pressing issues and proposals for their solution based on the results of each panel discussion, but also rate them and submit for final discussion in the evening plenary meeting.
One of the key discussion sites of the forum was a brainstorming session on "Technological Cooperation between Russia and Countries of Asia to Develop Digital Economy," organized by RVC in joint effort with the Ministry of Communications and Media of the Russian Federation. The discussion was attended by Nikolai Nikiforov, Minister of Communications and Media of the Russian Federation, Gleb Nikitin, First Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation, and representatives of Russian and Asian innovation ecosystems. The key issues included the Asian companies' need for an access to Russian technology development centers and search for public and private tools for integration of Russian companies in the technological chain of global corporations.
During the brainstorming session, experts noted the senselessness of the import substitution strategy without creating products with export potential, and the need to expand and de-monopolize markets instead of imposing counter-sanctions. It was proposed to create consortia with the BRICS countries as a key model of Russian-Asian partnership and cooperation tools. Following the discussion, priority projects in the field of technological cooperation have been selected. They were state support of education in the field of ICT, including through the mechanisms of student exchange with Asia Pacific countries and the BRICS, and creation of data centers in Eastern Siberia and joint technology transfer centers on the basis of technology parks, clusters, and universities.
Prospects for reform of the system of innovative development institutions was the key topic of the discussion organized by RVC with Oleg Fomichev, Deputy Minister of Economic Development, Andrey Ivanov, Deputy Minister of Finance of the Russian Federation, Igor Agamirzyan, CEO of RVC, and representatives of other key development institutions - AIRR, IIDF, and Skolkovo. During the brainstorming session, experts have defined a number of key problems in functioning of development institutions. These are the lack of coordination of efforts and goal-setting between regulatory agencies and the institutions themselves and the lack of demand for innovation in the country and institutions promoting their development in corporations. In addition, the list of issues included the following: excess budget dependence of development institutions, inadequacy of educational products to problems of innovative development and standards of advanced countries, lack of motivation in medium-sized companies to work on world markets and communication with all the stakeholders, including other development institutions, inefficiency of the "innovation elevator," understanding of innovation as a research process, and unwillingness of the state to take the risks associated with innovation.
According to the results of brainstorming session, experts proposed to move from the model of "innovation elevator" to coordinated work of all the development institutions, review the mandates of development institutions, and establish horizontal links between them to solve the problems. There was also a recommendation to eliminate duplicates of functions of the federal government, focus the IDI's efforts on early-stage technology companies, and create a system to support innovation in enterprises, including support for R&D and exports, with a focus on formation of "national champions."
Participants in the brainstorming session on "Innovative Infrastructure of Russian Regions - Effectiveness of Support Mechanisms," which was moderated by Igor Agamirzyan, discussed the possibilities of increasing the productivity of the regional infrastructure. Panellists noted the distinctive feature of the Russian innovation policy - concentration of innovation infrastructure in the leading regions, such as Krasnoyarsky Krai, Novosibirsk region, and Tomsk region, while effectiveness of investments in innovation development infrastructure remains low outside these "oases." Besides that, they noted fragmentation of programs to support the infrastructure. "It is often the case, that the same recipient enjoys investments from various sources. We need to convert these mechanical elements into a living evolving ecosystem with feedback mechanisms," said Igor Agamirzyan when opening the session of the group.
Having agreed on the importance of coordination of support mechanisms, Artem Shadrin, Director of the Department of Social Development and Innovation at the Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation, defined the tools for its implementation - innovative territorial clusters at the regional level and technological platforms at the federal level. Andrey Ivanov, Deputy Minister of Finance of the Russian Federation, spoke in favour of the programs to support investment projects "with certain results in the framework of the regional gross product and GDP," instead of supporting communities.
During the discussion, the experts made a number of recommendations. These included creation of the country's innovation policy coordination mechanisms at the federal and regional levels, use of MIC technological resources in the civil sector and vice versa, use of universities as a nucleus for the development of regional ecosystems, focus on soft networking, social capital, competence and trust, and continued state support for integration models, in particular the cluster program of the Ministry of Economic Development.
During the brainstorming session on "Russian Research and Educational Space - Strategy of Competition," experts discussed the problems in development of leading universities and research centers as participants in the competitive struggle for leadership and economic development in the global space. The discussion agenda included the project of improvement of competitiveness of the leading Russian universities "5-100." According to Evgeny Kuznetsov, "today universities need to learn to generate complex products and produce not only knowledge but also the environment - business, complex research management, and high-tech process management."
Following the brainstorming session, participants has made several recommendations - spread of the experience gained by universities participating in the project "5-100" to other Russian universities, start of effective interaction mechanisms for collaborative interdisciplinary research, and building relations between research and educational institutions on the basis of common research programs and projects.
As part of the youth program of the Forum "Generation 2020," there was held a discussion on "Changing Technological Structure - Role of Youth," the agenda of which included the issue of emergence of new professions and technological niches where young people can bring to life the most relevant ideas and projects, and changing educational requirements due to rapidly changing technological structure. This discussion was moderated by Alexey Gusev, Head of the Monitoring Service of the Innovation Infrastructure of RVC.
At the site "Scientific Communications - Russia and the World," the discussion was focused on promotion of the new technological profession emerging in Russia, such as a scientific communicator. There was presented the pilot project "Open Science" (science.theoryandpractice.ru), which is an online communication platform for researchers and journalists, created as part of the joint project of RVC and SPN Communications "Communication Laboratory." Ilya Kurmyshev, Innovation Promotion Director of RVC, said "The higher level of research openness should ensure the greater availability of scientific expertise for businesses, the greater transparency of research outcomes, and public attention to really promising areas."
About Krasnoyarsk Economic Forum
Krasnoyarsk Economic Forum (KEF 2015) is held on the Krasnoyarsk platform for the twelfth time. It is one of the largest regional economic forums in the country. Traditionally, KEF participants discuss year-long Russian-wide tactical and strategic programs. The main topics of the XIIth Krasnoyarsk Economic Forum "Russia and Asia-Pacific Countries - From Integration Policy to Development Projects" will be the issues of import substitution and development of Russia's relations with countries in the Asia-Pacific region and the BRICS countries, and prospects for expanding the integration processes of the Eurasian Economic Community and increasing competitiveness of Russian economy.
RVC OJSC is a state fund of funds a development institution of the Russian Federation, one of the key tools leveraged by the state in the effort to create national innovation system. The authorized capital of RVC is more than 30 billion rubles. 100% of the RVC's capital belongs to the Russian Federation represented by the Federal Agency for State Property Management of the Russian Federation (Rosimushestvo). The total number of funds formed by RVC has reached 18, their aggregate size is 26.1 billion rubles. The share of RVC is 16.1 billion rubles. RVC funds invested into 168 innovative companies. The total amount of invested assets reached 15.2 billion rubles.