As part of the international industrial exhibition "Innoprom 2015," there was held a panel discussion "Reboot of Production – New Architecture of Industrial Systems." The event is organized in partnership with RVC. Experts and analysts believe that introduction of the Internet of products and services in the manufacturing sector is opening the era of the fourth industrial revolution.
How can one rebuild the production processes and move to Industry 4.0 quickly and efficiently? What is the focus of other countries in creation of the "smart" production system? What are the key organizational solutions that can help to optimize the production process? What role can Russia qualify for in the global chain for creating added value? – These questions were raised by the panellists.
Participants in the event were: Vladimir Knyaginin, President of the foundation "Moscow" Center for Strategic Research; Dmitry Ivanov, Director for Innovative Development, Saturn RPE; Boris Nuraliev, CEO, 1C; Ravil Khisamutdinov, Chief Technologist, Director of the Technology Center, KAMAZ OJSC; and Sebastian Schlund, Director of the Production Competence Center, Fraunhofer Society. The event was moderated by Igor Agamirzian, CEO, RVC.
Vladimir Knyaginin, President of the foundation "Moscow" Center for Strategic Research, opened the discussion. In his speech, he noted a few key trends in the field of advanced manufacturing technologies, one of which was the war unfolded between assemblers and integrators (designers). "Integrators began pulling the concepts of some technology on themselves, and therefore we have all the programs of the Americans and Europeans to return production from Asia", said Vladimir Knyaginin. Vladimir also talked about the way digital simulation enters into production. "We used to believe that the rotation cycle of fixed assets in the industry is an average of 80 years. If 3D printers join the line, we can get rotation of fixed assets with the same cycle as microelectronics currently has. If this happens, flexibility of production systems will be of a different nature. In this sense, a software platform basing the production will revolutionize the production itself."
Igor Agamirzian asked the representatives of real production to share their vision of the transition to a "smart" production system.
Dmitry Ivanov, Director for Innovative Development of Saturn RPE, an engine engineering company, was the first to take the floor. Dmitry Ivanov called the degree of digitalisation of the company's production one of the problematic factors. "In Europe, digital systems and fully digital products began to appear in enterprises 20 years before they did here. This means that products that are now regarded as "outdated", are not yet digitized in our country. They are pulling the company down like an anchor. The entire product range of Western companies is fully digital, and they can move from individual objects to processes and systems. In our country there is always something that is not yet fully digitized, and which is not economically feasible to digitize, because it's already outdated," said Dmitry, noting that this problem will be solved in the course of time.
Ravil Khisamutdinov, Chief Technologist, Director of the Technology Center, KAMAZ OJSC, noted, "Today the reality is that the consumer wants to see the huge range of cars, and we're now producing over 2,300 complete sets of cars. It is very hard to manage all these. It is the industry 4.0. that is an absolute necessity today. We need to reboot."
In the second part of the discussion, Igor Agamirzian proposed to discuss the cultural and ethical aspect of automation. "As you know, the industrial revolution in Europe in the 17-18 century was accompanied by Luddism, because the introduction of new technologies that revolutionize manufacturing processes is leading to a radical change in the structure of society. Each new wave of technology was not only giving new opportunities, but also killing mass jobs, just like the introduction of belt-line productions has put an end to the profession of a blacksmith, formerly one of the most common jobs in the world. Obviously, the current changes in production processes lead to a substantial redistribution of demand for various professions," said the head of RVC.
Summing up, the foreign guest of the discussion – Sebastian Schlund, Director of the Production Competence Center of Fraunhofer Institute, the largest industrial research center in Germany – spoke about the international experience in introduction of advanced technologies in the industrial sector, "In Germany, we call the process of digitalization of industrial processes Industry 4.0. In US it is called Industrial Internet. Here, today, we call it the Reboot of Production, but these are all the same processes. Some time ago a collaborative robot cost EUR 100,000. Today at Innoprom we've seen a robot worth EUR 16,000 - it can be used even by students. Of course, it will be a long evolutionary path that requires integration."