On October 16, 2015 the Presidium of the Council for Economic Modernization and Innovative Development of the Russian Federation approved the draft four 'roadmaps' of the National Technological Initiative (NTI) – AeroNet, AvtoNet, MariNet, and NeuroNet. In the near future, they will be reviewed by the RF Government.
Speaking at the Presidium session, Dmitry Medvedev, Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation, said that the implementation of the first ‘roadmaps’ of NTI would commence in 2016 and added that “up to RUB 10 billion was allocated for these purposes from the budget, which under the current circumstances was not an easy task.”
The Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation is responsible for interdepartmental approvals and ensuring funding of ‘transportation’ ‘roadmaps’ NTI (AeroNet, AvtoNet, and MariNet), while the RF Ministry of Education and Sciences will be responsible for NeroNet roadmaps.
AeroNet roadmap will ensure that pilotless aviation systems are widely used in agriculture, cargo transportation, and during search and rescue operations. It is envisaged that by 2025 there will be at least 100,000 pilotless aircraft airborne in the Russian Federation on a constant basis. The global market in this sector is estimated to reach USD 200 billion by then; the anticipated share of the Russian Federation is USD 40 billion – USD 45 billion.
The most interesting applications for pilotless vehicles and aircraft include long-haul ground transportation using robotized road corridors, transportations along close-end and restricted areas (industrial and mining companies, areas of severe climatic conditions, etc.), transpiration in areas of natural calamities, and setting up emergency and rescue operations. According to forecasts, by 2035 the global market will reach USD 3 trillion; the size of the Russian market by 2020 will reach RUB 554 billion, and by 2035 it is expected to grow to RUB 10.026 trillion.
At the core of the MariNet roadmap are the three interconnected segments of maritime industry which will undergo dramatic change in the next several decades: Digital navigation, innovative shipbuilding including the design and development of pilotless sea vessels, and exploration of ample oceanic resources. The size of key civil segments of the maritime industry currently exceeds USD 2.5 trillion per year.
Implementation of NeuroNet may become the next stage for developing the Internet, the participants of which (man-to-man or man-to-machine) will be communicating via neuro-interfaces. By 2018, it is planned to establish 10 centers for developing neurotechnologies with the support of the leading universities. Within the framework of NeuroNet it is planned to build brain-line computers for neurotechnologies in order to treat diseases like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s. By 2035, the Russian NeuroNet is expected to secure at least a 2.5% (USD 45 billion) share of the global market.
In addition to the four approved NTI roadmaps, there are several more markets in the pipeline including personal medicine, robotized food market, development of ‘smart’ energy grids, and personal security systems.
NTI is a long-term program for the development of new markets based on high technologies. Its implementation is expected to ensure that Russian companies will be the global leaders in such industries by 2035. The following stakeholders take part in the development of NTI: the Ministry of Education and Sciences of the Russian Federation, the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation, the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Development Institute, the Expert Council at the RF Government, the leading universities, various technology platforms, and businesses. The Agency for Strategic Initiatives (ASI) shapes the NTI implementation strategy, while the Russian Venture Company (RVC) performs organizational, analytical, and methodological support of works groups engaged in the process.