Intel Corporation and the Russian Venture Company (RVC) presented the results of the research project aimed at studying digital DIY movement ("do it yourself") in Russia. The focus is on a community of fans, fond of crafting "smart" devices with their own hands and an ecosystem which has evolved thereof : fab labs , maker and hack spaces, school clubs and online communities. The participants of the project are confident: Russian inventors have significant potential and its further development requires continued research into the existing ecosystem as well as special attention to the popularization of this activity so as to involve more enthusiasts among boys and girls, more experts from business and government.
The partners of the research project devoted to the study of the DIY movement and its participants — from schoolchildren to entrepreneurs and community leaders — are consulting company "Deloitte", Centre for Research of Public Administration of the European University in St. Petersburg, the educational portal Edutainme and the online portal Habrahabr.
The community of innovators, inventors and technical enthusiasts is moving to a whole new level with explosive development and improved availability of computing and communications technologies , technologies of additive digital manufacturing, rapid prototyping etc. The global phenomenon of DIY digital movement is transforming itself into an independent market while becoming a source of new technologies, minds and products for new high-tech industries and an important factor of forming global high-tech markets of the future global economy
Making is a phenomenon that has gone global. According to Deloitte, today there are about 1,200 active communities of enthusiasts in the area of technical creativity and about 3000 digital prototyping labs worldwide. Their number has significantly grown — on average by two and half times — in as few as 3 years (since 2013). This fact attests to the global development of the community and their activities which have significantly aroused interest of society, government and business. Radio amateurs and engineers enjoy high-level support in the US, where for the second year in a row, the inventors are granted reception at the White House whereas Finland and China have introduced special government support programs. The two largest fairs Maker Faire 2014 - in New York and Bay Area, California — were attended by 215,000 people, the number comparable to population of a small town.
Following the Deloitte study , Russia has 18 digital laboratories of Fab Lab format, and about 50 centres of youth innovative art ( some of them pursue the creation of software rather than hardware) . The main launch pads for projects related to technical creativity and innovation are the fab labs within Moscow University MISiS, the Polytechnic University of St. Petersburg, Fab Lab Astrakhan, Robotics Center R2D2 in Samara, as well as business incubators, science parks and innovation centers, such as Skolkovo.
Today, in Russia making and technological creativity mostly engage male labour: 82 % of members in social networks groups are young men, as shown by the study of Research Centre of Governance at European University in St. Petersburg. The role of women in the projects related to technological creativity often has limited application and serves as an auxiliary function, ie their duties usually include marketing and event organization.
According to the data of Research Centre of Governance at European University in St. Petersburg, the interest for technical creativity emerges and develops in childhood. The results of the research point to the importance of having special educational courses and events so as to attract technology enthusiasts into the community.
The results of the study conducted by the educational portal Edutainme indicate that among schoolchildren technical creativity is 5-7 times less popular than sports or art as additional education. Thus, in 2014 more than 439 000 pupils were involved in more than 31,000 clubs of technical creativity, whereas artistic creativity and sport engaged more than 3 million respectively. About 450 thousand students, keen on programming and new technologies, actively participate in online communities Habrahabr and Stackoverflow2.
The special project of RVC and Habrahabr further ensured that the study and development of DIY ecosystem is a heated subject in the IT- community. The users of the portal have identified 77 different online and offline associations in which they are involved. Most clubs are devoted to electronics (27), robotics (19) and 3D-modelling (18), but there are also niche clubs, such as working with sound (6), light (2), or power (2). Offline communities make up a fifth of all associations. They are largely concentrated in cities with million-plus population and form partnerships with state universities. It should be noted that the communities possess autonomy and hardly ever sustain any communication between them.
The organizers of the research accentuate the necessity to take actions for developing communication within DIY ecosystem, for example, holding special public festivals or conferences in the format of Maker Faire. The partners and respondents of the research have noticed that additional efforts are needed to establish a cross-communication between different DIY communities in Russia. It is also important that students and parents should be encouraged to explore the possibilities of new technologies, and participate in the life of DIY — community .
The presentation, including the main findings of the Intel and RVC research is available via the following link:http://www.slideshare.net/IntelRussia/intel-55931935.
About Intel Corporation
Intel Corporation is the leader in computer-based innovations. The corporation develops and creates the technologies which underpin the modern computing industry. Being the leader in corporate and social accountability, Intel Corporation also makes the first and only ‘conflict-free’ microprocessors. For more information about Intel Corporation please visit its official website: www.intel.ru/pressroom, and its Russian language server http://www.intel.ru and the portal conflictfree.intel.com which deals with Intel-led initiatives for waiving conflicting materials.
Intel, Intel Atom, Intel Core, Intel Quark, Intel Xeon, and Intel logo are registered trademarks of Intel Corporation in the USA and other countries.
RVC OJSC is a state fund of funds, development institution of the Russian Federation, and one of the key tools of the state in creating national innovation system. The authorized capital of RVC is more than 30 billion rubles. RVC's capital is owned in full by the Russian Federation represented by the Federal Agency for State Property Management of the Russian Federation (Rosimushestvo). The total number of funds formed by RVC has reached 22 with the aggregate size of RUB 30.3 bn. The share of RVC is RUB 19.3 bn. The number of innovative companies approved for investment by RVC funds reached 184. The total amount of invested assets reached 17 billion rubles. — 17 bln rubles. Since 2015, RVC OJSC has been defined as a project office for implementation of the National Technology Initiative (NTI) — the long-term strategy of the country's technological development, aimed at formation of new global markets by 2035.
+7 (495) 641-4565
+7 (495) 641-4550