Who should own big data, and how to regulate the process of collecting, processing, and protecting it? The session's experts answered these questions “Digital Sheep: who qualifies for “digital wool” organized by RVC on the second day of the Open Innovations Forum. The session was moderated by Nikita Utkin, RVC Program Manager, Chairman of the Cyber-Physical Systems Technical Committee.
In the world of digital technologies, almost the main asset and driving force of development is data that comes from a variety of sources.
Such “digital footprints” are almost impossible to destroy, says Mikhail Petrov, director of the digital transformation department of the Accounts Chamber of the Russian Federation. Much attention is paid to privacy and personal data protection; however, as soon as we turned on the phone, we immediately transferred our data, even without knowing it. At the same time, the ownership of these data, their transfer, and processing, to a large extent, remain a “gray area” that has yet to be regulated. The result is a vacuum where people are forced to rely on ethical laws, conventions, and principles rather than legal norms.
The same actors can use data for good or bad, says World Bank consultant Andrew Stott.
The current technological and legal capacity to regulate this use of data is somewhat limited, which increases the risk of fraud. An essential step in tackling this challenge was the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) adopted in 2018 in the European Union.
Any platform should not misuse data without consumers' exclusive consent, agrees Wanli Minn, Founder of North Summit Capital and QuadTalent Technology.
He noted that today only about 20% of companies fully comply with the GDPR requirements. The business has significant room to improve compliance.
James Woodheissen, a visiting professor at London South Bank University, stressed that Mark Zuckerberg could quickly turn from hero to villain using users' digital footprint. The expert drew attention to the fact that in the modern world, data use issues are relevant not only in the field of consumption but also in labor. Up to 20% of the UK workers have switched to teleworking, and this proportion is unlikely to decrease anytime soon. In such an environment, employers want to learn more about employees and determine how efficiently they use data. This trend is disturbing.
The data should belong to the person who produces them, says Alexander Kozlov, Deputy Minister of Construction and Housing and Utilities of the Russian Federation. At some point, data-driven companies “took” user data for free, accumulated it, and became successful.
In these conditions, the issue of “digital hygiene” becomes critical, which allows you to maintain security, not only virtual but also real.
The state is the largest owner of the data.
The system of measures that has developed in Russia and the established practice of working with personal data, according to the speaker, is quite useful. The process of finalizing the systems and infrastructure on which they are based continues.