The Interdepartmental Working Group (IWG) for the implementation of the National Technology Initiative approved the support of two new projects of the Aeronet market aimed at creating infrastructure in Russia for the development of unmanned aerial systems.
The NTI Project Support Foundation will allocate 496 million roubles to create the practice ground in Russia for testing and certification of unmanned aerial vehicles. The project will be implemented by MANS Concern together with FSUE TsAGI and SIC Institute named after N. E. Zhukovsky. The practice ground will be opened by 2021 on the basis of the Orlovka laboratory in the Tver Region, accredited by the Federal Air Transport Agency for the relevant tests, and subsequently can be replicated to other regions.
The project will allow for an accelerated airworthiness assessment of drones in Russia through a combination of full-scale and virtual tests. Today, the certification process is mandatory for drones weighing more than 30 kg — this is about half of the existing models of unmanned aerial vehicles in Russia.
For research, testing and certification work in the interests of creating unmanned civil and dual-purpose aircraft systems, more than 40 test zones have been deployed worldwide. In Russia, the NTI project will be the first such site. Work on the creation of the practice ground is planned to be completed by 2021.
The second project of the Aeronet market, which received financial support from NTI, is a system for integrating unmanned and manned aircraft into a single airspace RUTM-1 (Russian Unmanned aircraft system Traffic Management). A grant of the NTI Project Support Foundation in the amount of 492 million roubles will be allocated for the implementation of the first phase of the deployment of the RUTM system.
The project will automatically allocate airspace for drones, maintain safe intervals between flights and prevent conflicts in the air. It is also planned to create zones of joint air navigation and information services for both unmanned and manned aircraft. As a result, conditions will be created for safe and efficient flights of unmanned and manned vehicles in a single airspace.
According to the forecasts of the NTI Aeronet Roadmap, the global market for unmanned aerial systems, integrated solutions and services will amount to more than $200 billion by 2035. Russia's share in this emerging market could be more than $35–40 billion. Today, in Russia, more than 100 state and private enterprises, from large aircraft and helicopter companies to small design teams, are engaged in unmanned aircraft engineering. The most promising areas for the use of drones are geodesy, emergency and emergency services, construction, inspection of power plants and agriculture.
The National Technology Initiative is a long-term program to create new markets and provide conditions for Russia's technological leadership by 2035. NTI focuses on those markets in which it is possible to create industries of a new technological order that are significant in terms of ensuring national security and a high standard of living for citizens. Today, NTI brings together thousands of people — technological entrepreneurs, representatives of leading universities and research centres, development institutes, authorities, expert and professional communities. Within the framework of NTI, 8 “road maps” were approved for the markets of Aeronet, Avtonet, Marinet, Neuronet, Helsnet, Energy, Technet and the Circle movement, about 500 projects received funding. The design office of NTI is RVC.