Russia approves first national standard of Internet of Things


Rosstandard has approved the first national standard of the Internet of Things NB-Fi, developed by Cyber-Physical Systems Technical Committee at the premises of RVC at the initiative of the Association of the Internet of Things.

The Federal Agency for Technical Regulation and Metrology (Rosstandard) on the proposal of Technical Committee 194 “Cyber-Physical Systems”, established at the premises of RVC, has approved a preliminary national standard “Wireless Data Transmission Protocol Based on Narrowband Radio Signal Modulation (NB-Fi)”. The document will be enforced from April 2019.

NB-Fi (Narrow Band Fidelity) Standard is the first Russian standard approved for the Internet of Things (Internet of Things, IoT). It is based on a completely Russian technology that allows creating wireless data exchange networks between multiple modems on one side and multiple base stations on the other, and has already shown in practice the possibility of its use in large-scale projects.

“The approval of the first standard is a landmark event for the Internet of Things segment in Russia. On the basis of the committee, we managed to consolidate the interests of the industry representatives and create a window of opportunity for accelerated market development. The next important step should be the promotion of NB-Fi Standard internationally, commented RVC General Director Alexander Povalko.

The standard is part of LPWAN line of protocols that regulate the transmission of small amounts of data over long distances, and is distinguished by simplicity and low cost. The use of NB-Fi technology in devices allows ensuring a stable data transmission distance of up to 10 km in dense urban areas and up to 30 km in rural areas.

The production of end devices requires an inexpensive component base with a high degree of localization of production. Russia has already developed a corresponding transceiver, made in the form of an integrated circuit, transmitting data using NB-Fi protocol. The NB-Fi transceiver can be used in different countries, operating in the unlicensed frequency bands 430-500 MHz and 860-925 MHz and transmitting data at speeds in the radio from 50 to 25,600 bps. In addition, the NB-Fi chip allows to achieve high sensitivity of signal reception without the use of complex antenna equipment, while maintaining ultra-low power consumption.

The introduction of the standard will unify the principles of information exchange on the market of the Internet of Things and create an ecosystem of device manufacturers.

“Promising areas of use of NB-Fi Standard are housing and utilities, power engineering, logistics, transport, as well as industrial IoT solutions. The use of uniform standards by manufacturers in IoT solutions will enable them to implement complex projects in various fields thanks to a large product line of compatible IoT devices, said Andrei Kolesnikov, Director of the IoT Association.

“Cyber-Physical Systems Technical Committee together with market players made a local breakthrough by proposing one of the promising standards of the Internet of Things. It is also important that the very relevant format of the Preliminary National Standard was chosen for it, which allows for more extensive testing and adjustment prior to its transfer to the status of GOST,” said Deputy Head of Rosstandart Anton Shalaev.

Over the next three years, Cyber-Physical Systems TC will systematically monitor and evaluate the application of the approved preliminary standard, which will gain the necessary practical experience of its market use until it is transferred to the status of GOST.

First of all, cases of the application of the standard by the participants of the Internet of Things Association, which initiated the development of the standard, will get into the monitoring. The standard is already actively used in practice by market players, in particular, by WAVIoT, which is well-known for the development of electricity and water meters with the function of wireless data transmission and major implementations of solutions for automating housing and utilities metered values collection.

“When developing the national standard NB-Fi, we took into account a wide range of opinions of the expert and technological community. A public discussion of the draft document took place over a period of three months, and the key market participants’ conclusions were received. At the same time, NB-Fi is not the only promising communication standard for the Internet of Things. There is a place in the market for at least several standards that can find serious support for their development by formalization as national standards. Further success in promoting each of them will depend on a combination of factors: adaptability and consideration of the nuances of specific markets, equipment requirements, types of end devices, cost of their implementation and use, network coverage, cost of base stations,” says Chairman of Cyber-Physical Systems TC Nikita Utkin.

According to IDC, in 2018, the volume of the Russian market of the Internet of Things amounted to 3.67 billion US dollars. The leading sectors in terms of investment in the Internet of Things are manufacturing and transportation. Experts predict that in the period up to 2022, the IoT market will grow by an average of 18% annually.

Cyber-Physical Systems TC and Rosstandard are collecting information on the practical application of this standard. This information, as well as comments and suggestions on the content of the standard, can be sent no later than 4 months before its expiration to Cyber-Physical Systems TC at the following address: Skolkovo Innovation Center, 1 Nobel Street, Moscow, Russia, 121205.


About Cyber-Physical Systems Technical Committee

Technical Committee 194 “Cyber-Physical Systems” was established at the premises of RVC in 2017. The collegial body serves as a platform for the development of the digital economy and the NTI by developing standards for new promising markets. The committee unites leading scientific and public organizations, technology companies, non-profit organizations of hardware and software developers.

Its participants include Gazprom Neft, Rostelecom, Angstrem-T, RUSSOFT, the Bauman MSTU, HSE, the Moscow State University and others.

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