NTI Ecosystem Forum participants have determined direction for technological development of Russia.
NTI Ecosystem: Strategy of the Future forum organized by RVC was held in Sochi. Heads of the development institutions and task forces of the National technology Initiative spoke at the plenary meeting. The experts told how to overcome main gaps in the program implementation, they also discussed issues related to support infrastructure and NTI development strategy.
General Director of RVC Aleksandr Povalko described critical NTI tasks.
"During the nearest two or three years, we need to find new instruments. It is necessary to solve NTI tasks systematically by cooperating and engaging more players”, RVC leader noted. According to him, today there is no need to go away from the idea to focus in NTI implementation. “We selected some limited number of purposes and will continue achieving them”, reported Aleksandr Povalko. — NTI, as initially planned, is not only support provided to separate product projects. Our big purpose is achievement of the global leadership. According to the plan, there should appear not less than 5 leading companies by 2035. In order to do it, three conditions need to be addressed. First — make a bet on people with high internal energy. The projects must be managed by persons with the desire to continuously move forward. Second — continuously create technological solutions. We need to learn how to transfer scientific knowledge to technologies, and transfer technologies to the product. Third — create new business models.”
Special digital and technological development representative of the president of the Russian Federation:
We have three export focuses and we will work with then during the nearest years. First — digital platforms. More than 100 million people in the world purchase products from Russia through Facebook digital platforms. No one in our country knows about it. These are Facebook and Instagram. We consider Instagram as an offer for some type of young people, but in fact it is one of the most powerful and leading export platforms in the world.”
The second direction, according to the expert, is cooperation with the big state and private corporations that already have global sales channels.Comfortable jurisdiction — the third direction that will move on through NTI infrastructure.
Prorector of Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, leader of the TechNet task force Aleksey Borovikov named the key event of this year that is creation of the NTI Competence Centers. He thinks that now it is necessary to actively use this potential:
“Now 14 cross industry technology centers are created in the country. hey need to interact with the high technology market participants. NTI centers are like hubs, should ensure connections with both the big companies and start-ups, provide educational support to the beginner entrepreneurs. Accelerators could play big role here.”
Andrey Ivaschenko,, the chairman of the board of directors of KHIMRAR, head of the NeuroNet task force, presented achievements of the Russian companies in the field of international expansion:
“Our companies that received support began to attend international markets and receive feedback which is a meaningful event for us. In 2018, a lot of scientific works were implemented in NeuroNet, and we expect to understand how we can use it during the following five years.”
Aleksandr Pinskiy, general director of MARINET industry center told about launch of the Russian companies on the international markets and about reorganization of the task force.
“The first products of the Marinet companies went to the global market. This is a very important indicator for us. Second — a number of painful moments in NTI made us create our own self-organization mechanisms. We move from the logic of public association to commercial way”, the expert said.
Dmitry Zemtsov, development prorector of FEFU and the leader of task force “Circle movement” told about a new format of the University 20.35:
“The most vivid event of the year was “Island 10-21” that is an educational intensive training of University 20.35. This is the most complicated, but the most meaningful event from the point of view of connecting young talents and NTI participants”.
Then the discussion participants proceeded to discussion of the barriers and obstacles in the field of technological development. Viktor Wahstein, the dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences of the Moscow Higher School of Social and Economic Sciences told about the things that prevent innovations from the point of view of social and cultural peculiarities and what instruments to use to overcome them.
“Social and economic measurements were not initially included in the basic NTI framework. There was a hope that if we launch many technological projects, the social and economic factors will come along. But it didn’t happen. There appeared an idea that the matter is in people… An agenda related to cultural factors and values appeared. It was decided to create rules — i.e. institutions — with the hope that NTI participants will crack the global markets. But as time passed by, we understood that the system doesn’t work and people play not by the rules but with the rules”, the expert noted.
According to him, in order to work with the values, it is necessary to grow the institutions, cultivate new benchmarks:
“The talks that the population doesn’t believe in technics are not proved. The whole-Russia poll held by RVC showed that Russia is the most technology optimistic country in the world: 52% of its population are sure that science and technology will solve all problems of the human kind. In Europe, this indicator is 1.5 times less”
Sergey Nakvasin, director of the “Digital Technologies” direction at ANO “Digital Economy”, shared his opinion on interaction between the national project and NTI:
“In order to determine future interaction of the programs, it is necessary to understand what is their value. NTI has the value of unique talents. Digital economy has the markets: definite economy fields that should be modernized and develop. Understanding these mutually reinforcing values, we can establish interaction between the participants and state programs. Thus, the research centers in Digital economy develop in paradigm of coordination with the NTI competence centers”.
At the same time, according to the expert’s opinion, it is necessary to make digital economy form request for the products and services that NTI companies could satisfy. There is some difficulty related to the fact that the corporations management structure doesn’t allow systematic launch of the mechanisms that determine demand for NTI services.
Sergey Polyakov, general director if the Fund for assistance to innovations told about the efficiency and perspectives of the support programs for technological start-ups on the sample of his fund:
“Benchmark of 2035 in NTI doesn’t mean that breakthrough technologies cannot be implemented on the market today. There are already enough samples in Russia, the main thing is not to slow down, he thinks. Today we have about 453 projects in the portfolio. About 50 start-ups were selected this year. We expected the greater number — number and quality of the applications grieved a little. But 126 companies from 400 of those that receive fund support have already finished their projects: developed the product and execute intellectual property rights. Half of them have already started sales or testing of the product. 17 companies showed revenue growth in the amount of more than a billion rubles. In other words, we speak about the present, not about 2035”.
The work related to project support, according to him, should be carried out with the biggest customers that will help with commercialization. Good investment opportunities are open for the fund as well: the budget will double next year. It will achieve 13 billion rubles as expected.
Aleksandr Pinskiy told about the relationship between the business community and NTI on a sample of task forces:
“Our task force was formed quite quickly and covered the entire industry inside Russia. In 2016, we had all possible participants: from start-ups to state corporations and ministries. We strive for working not formally approving the projects, but as accelerator. You can come to us with any project and see not just experts that will polish the document, but potential partners, customers. As a result, we solve three tasks. First — start-ups get unique access to all industry expertise. Second — access to the partners and customers. Third — opportunity to get state support. And this is all free.”
Dmirty Zemtsov told about the role and development of the NTI educational centers:
“Circles roadmap is almost implemented. We created a big network. Next year will be a year of explosion from the point of view of covering the participants. Our purpose is to create a generation of young people that will think progressively and will be able to deepen in the NTI projects. It is necessary to make an important step forward. The most important thing is that mature projects will appear where children through technologies will be able to change the world. I see a sprout in two projects that distinguished this year. One of them if “On duty over the planet”. It exists due to support of private space science and state bodies. Here, the children get access to satellite information all over Russia, monitor, organize daily duty, are able to set tasks on the country level. The second project is joint hackathon held together with the search volunteer movement “Liza Alert” where the children solved tasks related to improvement of the effectiveness using high technologies in search and rescue of the people.”