At the "Innovative Practices" Congress at Moscow State University were announced the results of the rating "TechUspekh" of Russian Venture Company (RVC). Among the four groups of the leading companies in 2016, most of them are little known; in general, the rating dismisses the notion of the priority of developing the export sectors, what the Congress itself has shown: it is not so much engineering, but IT-industry, pharmaceuticals, electronics and instrumentation.
The third Congress dedicated to the interaction of business and academia, organized by the Moscow State University and the Innopraktika Company was held in Moscow yesterday. "The Development of the scheme of interaction of the leading Russian universities and innovative businesses continues," said First Deputy Prime Minister Igor Shuvalov at the opening ceremony. He confirmed the continuation of the work of the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Economy under the project of technology valleys (see “Ъ” of 9 March), saying that the valley regime is being currently discussed for the "20-25 best universities of the country." The project, initiated by Moscow State University a few years ago, is a long-term one, with the most of discussions at the "Innovative Practices" forum was focused, as expected, on long approaches to the development of innovative business. The key speakers at the congress in December 2016 were the top management of large state companies, which according to the gross R & D expenditures and the development of these structures are so far mainly long-term investor in the industry.
The short-term market conditions have shown the results of innovative companies in the "TechUspekh" RVC rating — at the "Innovative practices", its results for the year 2016 were announced. The rating has been created since 2012 and in 2016, it was chosen as the basis for the priority project of the Ministry of Economics "National champions". The leader among more than 200 companies (consolidated revenues of growing companies equated to 222.3 billion rubles as per the rating estimates) has become an independent federal operator of telecom services ER-Telecom Holding, in the top of relatively large companies — Mints Radio Engineering Institute, NPK NIIDAR, farm concern Biocad and Kalashnikov Concern. Among the fastest growing companies, in the first place of the rating in the Eidos-Medicine company, the developer of medical robots-simulators, and the top five also includes the Altay factory of precision products, STAN LLC, Aviation Casting SPC and the SDN-Video Company. The St. Petersburg Computational Mechanics Laboratory LLC has been recognized as the leader in innovation, and on this criterion, the top five includes GC InfoTeKS, T-Platforms, ABBYY and Laser systems SPE. ABBYY has also become the leader of sub-rating in terms of exports, and in the top five on this criterion is the Perm Chemical Company, GDC Services, NPG Tradition and Ulyanovsk SimbirSoft. The Biocad Company has become the leader of the high-tech "gazelles" ranking.
Among the four groups of 15 finalist companies of the rating, the picture is also diverse and little corresponds to the standard ideas of what the sector of innovative economy seem important from the point of view of the replacement the Russian oil and gas exports with high-tech products. In the first place, the ranking includes a lot of pharmaceutical companies and companies operating in the markets, one way or another connected with medicine. Once again, in 2011-2014, Russian companies of this profile viewed by the Government primarily as import substitution, however, as it turned out, the concept base on which the companies were involved in import substitution, need to be focused primarily on high-tech exports, in the pharmaceutical sector, at least in part it is working. The second point is still a high potential for niche companies operating in the fields of new materials and industrial technologies. The top-15 companies of the RVC ranking, for example, includes the joint-stock company SKTB Katalizator, Laser Systems SPE, Promtehnologiya LLC. Finally, the number of IT-companies in the rating lists is predictably high, but, apparently, not less than the number of instrument makers, such as Perm Scientific-Industrial Instrument Making Company.
According to the vice-president of the HSE, prior to the head of RVC Igor Agamirzyan, the early versions of the "TechUspekh" rating "sometimes got technology companies, but they were much smaller than the traditional sector companies." According to him, "it was clear that there are some gaps between start-ups and corporations in the structure of the ecosystem of technology business. We understand that in reality there is a segment which we cannot see in the statistics — the companies of the missing link — and began to study it." Today, the "TekhUspekh" rating, being apparently better than the standard tools, shows qualitatively new possible directions of the medium-term development of innovative economy in Russia.
By Dmitry Butrin