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Институт развития Российской Федерации

Media Review

Like their natural counterparts, artificial leaves take in sunlight to generate fuel. In the case of the latter, that solar energy is used to break water down into hydrogen and oxygen, and that in turn has been used to create liquid fuels and electricity. Now, a Harvard team has added a new function to their repertoire, turning artificial leaves into low-cost, portable fertilizer factories.
Microscopes used for life sciences exist in two configurations — either upright, typically used for glass slides, or inverted, to view live samples in petri dishes. Labs will usually have both for their research. In order to save them money and space, Echo has created Revolve, a hybrid microscope that switches from upright to inverted modes. The startup announced today funding of $7.5 million to scale its manufacturing of the new microscope.
Researchers at MIT have developed a new way to make smaller circuits, which could help break down barriers standing in the way of the continuation of Moore's Law and ever-more powerful microchips. Using a self-assembling polymer layer, the new technique could make patterns smaller than 10 nm by combining several processes already widely used to make chips, which means they could be implemented at a large scale relatively easily and cheaply.
If we're going to develop drought-resistant crops, we first need to better understand how existing crops respond to dry conditions. With that in mind, scientists from the University of Missouri have developed a field-deployed robotic system that studies parched corn plants.
Patients have better odds in the fight against cancer if it's caught early, but diagnosis often involves invasive biopsies that aren't usually undertaken unless there's already reason to suspect the presence of cancer. But soon it could be as simple as a routine blood test, thanks to a new computer program from UCLA researchers that can spot biomarkers in a patient's blood sample and identify where in the body a tumor might be hiding.
When a smog alert is declared, citizens are often told to stay indoors, but that dirty air is still going to get in. However, people in affected cities could soon breath easier thanks to a new nanofiber solution developed at the National University of Singapore (NUS). Air filters made from the material can block most small particles, while still letting air circulate, and at the same time block UV rays without reducing natural light.
Hardware that responds to voice commands is already out there and probably in your hand or house right now. Whether it’s a smartphone, smart speaker or wearable, it has to connect to the cloud to deliver answers. Now, a startup called Mythic (formerly known as Isocline) is launching a chip and software that will change all that, putting voice control, computer vision and other kinds of AI into our devices locally, no cloud required.
A US-developed ultrasound monitoring technique could help dramatically improve the diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary edema, a condition in which fluid builds up in a patient’s lungs, severely affecting the ability to breathe effectively.
An artificial lung that’s small enough to be carried in a backpack has been shown to work in sheep. It’s one of several such devices being developed that could transform the lives of people with lung failure, who are currently dependent on large machines. The new device still requires an oxygen tank to be wheeled around, although tank-free prototypes are also being tested.
When it comes to eye exams, nobody likes getting the pupil-dilating eye drops. Not only do they sting, but they can also take a while to work, plus they leave patients with blurry vision for hours afterwards. Thanks to a compact new camera being developed at the University of Illinois and Harvard Medical School/Massachusetts Eye & Ear, however, those drops may become a thing of the past.
According to the World Health Organization, human error causes more than 90 percent of traffic accidents across the globe. Some 1.25 million people die in crashes, and 20 to 50 million people are injured each year. Automakers are scrambling to develop cars with advanced driver-assistance systems that are so good they’re “crash-proof,” or fully autonomous vehicles, each safer than the next. But the automakers are somewhat limited by the computational resources onboard their vehicles.

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