The Technical Committee "Cyber-Physical Systems", created on the basis of RVC, began the development of standards of terminology and architecture for distributed energy systems. The project will allow to stimulate the mass introduction in Russia of developments in the field of smart energy and slow down the rise in the cost of electricity for end users.
Technical standards are being developed on the initiative of the “Energy Architecture of the Internet” project, which received support as part of the “Roadmap” of the National Energy Technology Initiative. Documents of regulatory and technical regulation will create the basis for the development of Internet energy in Russia — a new type of energy system with intelligent decentralized management of distributed energy facilities that ensures the free exchange of electricity between generators, consumers, and other industry members.
On the basis of the Technical Committee "Cyber-Physical Systems" with the participation of the Energy Infrastructure Centre NTI, the status of which was obtained by the Foundation "Center for Strategic Research" North-West", and the standards such as "Information Technologies. Smart energy. Terms and Definitions” and “Information technology. Smart energy. Typical Architecture of the Energy Internet will be developed.
The first standard will make it possible to define and make unambiguous the interpretation of new terms and concepts of intelligent distributed energy, codifying the language of its description and development. The second standard will define the architectural requirements for the construction of energy systems in the energy Internet paradigm. In particular, it will set the principles for the construction of electric power systems of this type, as well as the requirements for components and modules, the fulfilment of which will provide the possibility of scaling power systems according to the plug&play principle.
The urgency of developing standards and mass development of smart energy is due to the demand of the Russian economy in a new source of increasing the efficiency of the energy industry. The growing inefficiency of the Russian electric power industry is becoming a factor limiting the competitiveness of the domestic economy. A crucial role in the search for an answer to this challenge will soon be played by distributed energy.
Estimates based on model calculations show that the implementation of a new architecture will reduce the need for the connected power of consumers, optimize the structure of generating, and network capacities.
The first draft standards in the field of smart energy will be developed and submitted for public discussion and revision by mid-2019. After that, they will be submitted by the technical committee for approval to Rosstandard. According to forecasts of experts from the Centre for Strategic Development and the NTI EnergyNet working group, the large-scale development of the electric power industry, based on the architecture of the Internet of energy, will restrain the rise in electricity prices by 30–40% by 2035 compared to the inertial scenario.